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Zimbabwe's bus shortage is making commuters miserable

by Staff Reporter
05 Jul 2021 at 06:39hrs | Views
Masimba Gwazho waits in a line at a bus terminus in Harare's central business district.

"I have been in this queue for close to an hour," the 39-year-old bricklayer told Al Jazeera.

More than 100 people have formed a meandering line behind him, all of them trying to reach Chitungwiza, a satellite town 25km south of Harare.

They are not the only frustrated commuters. Line after line of them, all trying to reach nearby suburbs, fill the bus terminus — one of the busiest pick-up and drop-off points in the capital.

Gwazho said before the coronavirus pandemic, he only had to wait five minutes to catch a bus. But now: "You can wait for an hour or more here before you catch a ride home," he said.

"Everyday, this is our life."

Commuter omnibuses are small vans retrofitted with seats to carry 18 passengers. For more than two decades, they have been the preferred intercity mode of transport in the country, lauded for their efficiency and speed.

But when the pandemic hit Zimbabwe last year, authorities barred commuter omnibus operators from plying their routes, as part of a suite of measures designed to stem the spread of the virus.

Three lockdowns and more than a year later, buses have the green light to operate again. But the share of them returning to service is minuscule.

Costly alternatives

Prior to the pandemic, there were 50 000 commuter omnibuses operating in the country, Greater Harare Association of Commuter Omnibus Operators representative Ngoni Katsvairo told Al Jazeera.

Currently, he said, there are roughly 1 500 — a decline of 97%.

One factor holding back the return of more omnibuses is that only those contracted by Zimbabwe's struggling transport utility — the Zimbabwe United Passenger Company (Zupco) — are allowed to pass easily through roadblocks set up during the pandemic to make sure virus containment measures are being observed.

Katsvairo reckons that of the 900 commuter buses operating in Harare, less than 100 have partnered with Zupco.

Operators can simply make more money working independently as roadblocks come down with the easing of COVID-19 restrictions, he said.

That is little solace for frustrated commuters, especially those who need to travel to the capital.

Simbarashe Gwasera is a resident of Kuwadzana, a densely packed suburb west of Harare. When Al Jazeera caught up with him, he said he had been waiting at his local bus stop for over an hour.

"At least four buses have passed through and they were full," he said.

Gwasera said he could not afford to hitch a ride.

His bus fare is $30 (US$0,21), while an informal ride in a passenger car can cost him $80 (US$0,57) — a serious price difference in a country where inflation is running at triple digits and salaries have stagnated.

"I only have $30 on me so I have no choice but to wait for the buses," he said.

More commuting woes lay ahead as well. Gwasera said he typically ends work around 4:30pm — rush hour.

"I don't even bother to go to the bus terminus in town after work," he said. "You can leave town around 7pm or even 8pm if you use the buses."

The tap card

Some passengers also grumble that some Zupco bus drivers refuse to accept cash, insisting instead that customers pay with tap cards — electronic debit cards that can be loaded with prepaid bus fare credits.

William Basopo found himself out of luck on a recent Tuesday. His tap card had been tapped out, and several buses that did arrive at the bus stop in Kuwadzana where he was waiting wouldn't accept

"The buses that came wanted only tap cards," the 52-year-old told Al Jazeera.

Those, who do have credit on their tap cards are known to exploit the situation, charging passengers who don't have tap cards or whose cards are empty a premium of $50 (US$0,35) for a debit.

Zimbabwe's Cabinet said in May that it would support the "urgent procurement" of 667 additional buses nationwide to improve Zupco's efficiency and bring some relief to commuters.

Information minister Monica Mutsvangwa said Zupco was going to revive traditional bus routes, use designated bus stops, adhere to the stipulated bus timetables and improve the electronic payment system.

For commuters languishing in long queues or caught out with empty tap cards, those improvements can't come soon enough.

"Last week, I couldn't get transport back home because I had cash," said Basopo. "I bought half loaf of bread and went back to work."

Source - Al Jazeera

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